Before we start sharing our small knowledge on Tangail Saree, We must salute to all the weavers. Actually, all of them who is involved in this industry; each of them is an Artist themselves. As we all know, A large numbers of Sarees are usually sold in the season of two Eid , Puja, Pahela Boishakh and wedding ceremony during the period between November and February but do we really try to know for rest of the time- How they survive with their families? So, as time passed and lot’s diversification came and here we came up with the latest technology and innovation to represent this glorious industry to globally to make the market bigger and to create awareness about Tangail Sari.
Each hand weaving Saree has the story itself and they carry all the emotions, sorrow, pain and loves for every weaver’s life. They are not only making a Saree but also creating the history and that brings us the glory for us internationally.
So, here we will try to present some information about the Tangail Saree neutrally and hope it will help you to know more about it. Each hand weaving Saree has the story itself and they carry all the emotions, sorrow, pain and loves for every weaving artist’s life. They are not only making a Saree but also creating the history that is glory for us. So, here we will try to present some information about the Tangail Saree neutrally and hope it will help you to know more about it.
Each hand weaving Saree has the story itself and they carry all the emotions, sorrow, pain and loves for every weaving artist’s life. They are not only making a Saree but also creating the history that is glory for us. So, here we will try to present some information about the Tangail Saree neutrally and hope it will help you to know more about it.
In this article we will try to mention, what is Tangail Saree actually, How it’s made, Who made this and about their history, Current market demands according to local and international consumers and some future planning on this sector from various NGO’s and Govt. So, let’s start to get into the main article-
What is Tangail Saree?
Tangail Saree is a special type of Saree which is made exclusively by the weavers in Tangail. Previously it was known as “Begum Bahar”. In Tangail skilled workers have been making different varieties of handloom fabrics as their family traditions from ancient times. The textile weaving industry in this district is also mentioned in the famous traveler Ibn Battuta and Huen Sam’s travel history. This is the heritage of our thousand-year-old culture.
How it’s Made? Tangail Saree Weaving Technique:
Tangail Saree is a unique type of weaving done by hand loom in Tangail areas of Bangladesh. An extremely fine yarn is used to prepare Tangail Saree which makes it so soft and comfortable. Weaving style, color, design and length of Tangail sarees are different from all other Sarees. A special type of yarns and threads are used by the weavers. Tangail Sarees are not made in machines. That means every portion of a Tangail Saree is weaved and designed by hand. One of the exceptional features of these Sarees is “Par”(Edge). Jori or silk yarn is used for making its edges. The edges of Tangail Saree are made with special care with silky and shiny threads. It takes around 5 to 7 days to weave a Tangail sari. The weavers get only 700-800 taka for making a single Saree.
Where and Who weave this?
According to the Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, among 12 Upazilas in Tangail, from 34678 looms around 76 thousand weavers are currently involved in the production of Tangail Saree. About 7 thousand of the mentioned weaving looms are closed now.Among 11 Upazilas of Tangail and one Thana, Tangail Sadar, Kalihati, Nagarpur, Sakhipura Upazila is the hand-loom rich area. In addition, some villages of Gopalpur and Bhuapur Upazila are also famous for weaving Sarees.
In about 65 thousand hand-looms more than 4 lakh weavers are assigned in the production of Tangail Saree in various regions of Tangail. Pathrail, Chondi, Nolua, Dewjan, Nolshodha, Bishnupur, Gopalpur of Delduar Upazila, Dhulotia, Bajitpur, Suruj, Bamonkushia, Gharinda, Tartia, Enayetpur, Gorasin, Belta, Sontosh, Kagmari of Tangail Sadar Upazila and Bola, Rampur, Chatihati, Aisra, Ratanganj, Kobdora of Kalihati Upazila are famous for the production of Tangail Saree.
History & Glory of Tangail Saree
Over time, due to a conspiracy of the foreign trade cycle, Muslin Saree is lost its existence but the Jamdani, Benarasi and Tant Sarees of Tangail have survived to this day.
According to history, the district’s original weavers are from Basak communities. Since the dawn of the tribe, they all were weavers. They came from Sindhu basin through Murshidabad in West Bengal and moved to the Rajshahi region of the country. Adverse weather largely divided them into two groups; one at Bajitpur of Kishoreganj and other at Dhamrai of Savar, Dhaka. However, some of them become associated with the work of the silk in Rajshahi. In search of a better place, the Basak came and settled in Tangail. The weather was in their favor, so they induced themselves wholeheartedly into weaving. Since then they have been weaving handlooms from generation to generation. Once the Basak community lived there covering a large area of Tangail. Most of the times, they are trained the inexperienced weavers through Basak Association and also controlled fabric quality. In 1947 after the partition of India and in 1971 after the liberation war, a lot of weavers from Basak community migrated to India. Then besides the Basak, people of other communities started to become deeply engaged in the weaving industry. They became skilled as weavers of Basak community.
What is the difference between Tangail Saree & Jamdani Saree?
There are many people who cannot differentiate between Jamdani and Tangail Saree. Jamdani Saree is made all over the country. But Tangail Saree is made only inside Tangail by a particular weaver community. They have been making Tangail Sarees for ages. Although Jamdani Sarees are also made in Tangail. The Tangail Sarees are completely made by hand work, not by hand and foot operated machines by which Jamdani Sarees are made.
Difference between Tangail Saree & Muslin Saree
Tangail and Muslin are totally different by the weaving technique and the process of weaving itself. Muslin was the finest and thinnest Saree in our country. It was so thin that it could be pulled through a finger ring. On the other hand, Tangail Sarees are made of silk but not so thin. The design and build quality of Tangail Saree is far way different than Muslin. Tangail Sarees are not so transparent and light as Muslin.
Uses of Tangail Saree
Either you are wearing it at home or going to office every day or even you are attending to any office party or wedding ceremony; it has all you needs to wear. Tangail Sarees are made of many different colors and designs. For example Jamdani or soft like silk, half silk, Tangail B.T, Baluchori, Jaripar, Hajarabuti, Sutipar, Kotki, Swarnachura, Ikkat, Anarkali, Devdas, Kumkum, Sananda, Nilambari, Moyurakanthi and ordinary Sarees.
Tangail Jamdani Sarees are made with international standard. The main attraction of Tangail Saree is its build quality and design. These are very much lightweight and suitable to wear in summer. The gorgeous and stylish hand-made design of Tangail Saree can easily win a women’s heart.
Price of Tangail Saree in Bangladesh
You can find Tangail Saree all over Bangladesh. You can find exclusive collections at Bailey Road, New Market, Dhanmondi Hawkers’ Market, Basundhara City and various boutique houses. Based on color, design and hand work, its price range from 200 to 50000 Taka. Jamdani or soft silk is the most expensive among them.
- Soft Silk Saree Price Range: BDT 900-5000
- Soft Cotton Saree Price Range: BDT 650-3500
- Baluchori Saree Price range: BDT 1400-2900
- Tosor Silk Saree price range: BDT 1900-4500
- Sombolpuri Saree price range: BDT 750-3000
- Tonchu Katan Saree price range: BDT 1500-8000
- Silk Katan Saree price range: BDT 2500-10000
- Others designs of Tangail Saree price range: BDT 600-5000
Demands of Tangail Saree – Local & International:
Currently, for the popularity of Tangail Saree, the reputation of saree weavers of Tangail has exceeded the national boundary and have reached worldwide.
In fact, the pride of the district of Tangail is now Tangail Saree. Once it was the fame and glory of Jamdani and Muslin. Muslin has been extinct, although Jamdani has survived in the midst of history. However, after Jamdani and Muslin, the Tangail Saree has been able to add a new dimension in textile sector of Bangladesh. There is a wide variety of fabric and color in the design of Tangail Saree. It has gained popularity across the border in South Asian countries, even in Europe, America and Japan. Soft silk and cotton weaving have revolutionized Tangail Saree. The Saree fabric and designs attract the most attention. The main feature is the design of the edge of Saree. Because the design of the edge of Saree can easily claim its uniqueness from other Sarees. Every year a large amount of Tangail Saree are being exported to Europe and India. This saree is very much popular in Calcutta, India. They are just blind about it. Due to the price and very comfortable to wear they liked it very much and use it as their regular wear.
The Present contribution of Govt. & NGO’s in this sector
Despite its widespread fame, Tangail Saree market is getting beaten in the international market. Why? Here are the reasons:
(1) The production cost of Tangail Saree is increasing due to the shortage of supply of raw materials, due to the increased prices of raw materials and different parts of the weaving machine.
(2) Customers are being attracted to Indian Sarees because of its lower price. The raw material availability is higher and price of cotton in India is lesser in India which results in the cheap price of Indian Saree which is destroying the market of Tangail Saree.
(3) Tangail Saree marketing is held captive by the money lenders cycle in Tangail which is obstructing the proper development of Tangail Saree production.
(4)After the communal riots of India-Pakistan and also after the war of 1971, Tangail Saree weavers of Basak community after their migration to India started to make Sarees with almost similar formula and same name of our redeemed Tangail saree and now trying to capture the world market. However, after so many adversities, Tangail Saree weavers have been able to recover its lost market. Its design, fabric, color, and a wide range of diversification could not let it fall for some cheap Indian Sarees. Day by day the Tangail Sarees are becoming very soft, smooth, comfortable to wear and durable too.
Future planning from Govt. in this sector
Industrial and trade fair have recently started in Tangail after the gap of 8 years. The government think that it will help in increasing the popularity and publicity of our precious Tangail Saree. There are many stalls where only Tangail Sarees are being displayed and sold.
National Crafts Council of Bangladesh (NCCB) in 2013 applied to UNESCO to certify our Tangail Saree as world heritage and it succeeded. Since then this organization is arranging many Tangail and Jamdani Saree exhibitions, trade fairs and continuously monitoring the production and weavers’ condition. The NCCB also visited India, Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Jordan, China and other countries to spread the fame our Tangail and Jamdani Sarees. Our Sarees won the interest of those countries and they deeply expressed their interests too.
With Muslin gone forever, Tangail Saree is our only hope of a potential heritage and cultural factor. As we can see that many foreign countries where women put on Sarees are very much interested in our Tangail Saree. But for many reasons our Tangail Saree industry is breaking down day by day due to the infiltration of cheap Indian Sarees and local machine made fake Tangail Sarees. Also, the labors are not paid as they deserve and the owners are making large profits by secretly exporting Tangail Sarees to India. If this continues to occur, our Tangail Saree industry will face a great danger in future.